Those are the results of the report presented during the workshop of the project Iresdes 4.0, held in Bergamo last november 26th.
In the report by Margherita Roiatti and Diletta Porcheddu – respectively senior and junior researcher of ADAPT – the progress of the project was assessed, which aims to produce a series of recommendations to innovate bargaining and social dialogue practices at national level and European applied in SMEs, considering the recent significant innovations that the industry 4.0 paradigm has brought to companies, starting with smart working.
The research has moved from studies and reports on remote work, on its impact on companies and in the dynamics of the labor market, as well as on the development of digital skills. Also fundamental is a series of semi-structured interviews with trade union and business world representatives, identified by FIM CISL Veneto and Confimi Industria Digitale.
Three best practices suggested in the field of remote work:
- teamwork of the company (Human Resources department) with the trade union to identify the areas where smart working can be implemented;
- “test” on a limited number of workers and for a predefined time before structurally implementing the remote work to monitor the adaptation to the new organizational model;
- establishment of a joint committee made up of workers and entrepreneurs to discuss the implementation of smart working practices and come up with shared proposals.
The research showed that, although the crisis caused by COVID-19 has also shown how much digitalization is fundamental to improve the economic resilience of businesses, as well as services, products and competitiveness. In 2020 only 1% of European companies with at least 10 employees reached a very high level of digital intensity, 14% a high level, 46% a low level and 19% very low. Only 18% of SMEs provide ITC training compared to 68% of large companies. This difficulty in the use of digital technologies is also reflected in the low diffusion of remote work in SMEs. At the base, according to the scientific literature, there is a corporate culture that is not always favorable to experimenting with new forms of work organization. Furthermore, the so-called “teleworkability” varies considerably in the Member States both according to the type of contract of the workers (there are many more cases of remote work among employees with permanent contracts than those with fixed-term or atypical contracts) and depending on the economic sectors: if in manufacturing the percentage of teleworkers was around 20%, in ICT and communication services it was already 40% in 2018.
Moderated by Rita Querzè, journalist of Corriere della Sera expert in changes in the production and work system, the workshop also collected contributions from Paolo Gubitta – scientific director of the Digital Professions and Hybrid Works Observatory of the University of Padua, by Stefania Marassi – Senior Lecturer and Researcher.
“In this restart phase, also in consideration of the transition processes underway, starting from the digital and ecological ones, the search for a right balance between competitiveness and social justice can only pass from interlocution and discussion between social subjects and careful monitoring by the public conscription “is how Andrea Orlando – Minister of Labor and Social Policies, in his video message to the event entitled Industrial Relations and Social Dialogue for an Economy and Society “4.0” – A focus on digital skills and remote work today in Bergamo as part of the European project IRESDES4.0, of which Confimi Industria is the lead partner. “The changes taking place need to be governed and this must be a shared process in an area of strong social cohesion which is the premise for effective development policies” concludes Minister Orlando.
The workshop, which was attended by over 70 stakeholders, entrepreneurs and trade unionists, is part of the international conference “Work and its Value. Interdisciplinary Reflections on an Ever-Changing Concept ”, organized by the ADAPT School of Higher Education on Occupational Transitions and Labor Relations and the International Labor Organization (ILO).
“The processes of computerization and digitization of production and organizational processes began many years ago. We have witnessed the introduction of artificial intelligence and machine learning within our companies”. Those are the words of the president of Confimi Industria, Paolo Agnelli at the workshop of Iresdes 4.0 project, held last novembre in Bergamo, which was attended by over 70 stakeholders, entrepreneurs and trade unionists. It was part of the international conference “Work and its Value. Interdisciplinary Reflections on an Ever-Changing Concept ”, organized by the ADAPT School of Higher Education on Occupational Transitions and Labor Relations and the International Labor Organization (ILO).
“For manufacturing, this translates into an improvement in terms of quality and manufacturing tolerances. At the same time, however, the skills that our technicians and collaborators must have have changed and will change, for this reason the subject of training is of equal importance to the digitization of processes. It is clear that there is a need to update skills and reorganize the work system, consequently revising employment contracts that take these transformations into account. – continued Agnelli – The verification of the adequate digital skills of the workforce, which takes into account demographic adjustments, is therefore crucial, in order not to leave behind – for example – older workers who were trained years ago and may not be prepared for the new context economic and productive “concluded the president Agnelli.
Representatives of national and local institutions, employers’ and trade union organizations, professionals and scholars interested in the project, together for an analysis in a comparative and international perspective. “Industrial Relations and Social Dialogue for an Economy and Society” 4.0 “- A focus on digital skills and remote work” is the title of the workshop organized as part of the European project IRESDES4.0, of which Confimi Industria is lead partner , which will be held next Friday, November 26, in Bergamo (from 9.30-12.30 in the Auditorium in Piazza Libertà, corner with via Norberto Duzioni).
“Competition in the world of work must not be underestimated, we must be attractive to the best talents, and smart working is certainly a way to avoid” brain drain “and attract skills – said Domenico Galia, president of Confimi Industria Digitale – We need to think about a European labor market and this will not be able to evolve if innovative and flexible working models are not offered ”.
The workshop is part of the international conference “Work and its Value. Interdisciplinary Reflections on an Ever-Changing Concept ”, organized by the ADAPT School of Higher Education in Work and Industrial Relations and the International Labor Organization (ILO). An important opportunity also to discuss and disseminate the preliminary results of the project, with specific reference to the Italian context.
Moderated by Rita Querzè, Corriere della Sera journalist expert in changes in the production and work system, the workshop will open with welcome greetings and an introduction to the event by the president of Confimi Industria, Paolo Agnelli. Andrea Orlando – Minister of Labor and Social Policies was also invited to speak. It will then be the turn of the interventions by Paolo Gubitta – scientific director of the Digital Professions and Hybrid Works Observatory of the University of Padua, by Stefania Marassi – senior lecturer and researcher in European Labor Law, University of Applied Sciences of The Hague, and by Stavroula Demetriades – senior research manager of Eurofound. Below we will get to the heart of the description of the project results, by Margherita Roiatti and Diletta Porcheddu – respectively senior and junior researcher of the ADAPT Foundation. The conclusions will instead be entrusted to Sebastiano Toffaletti – general secretary of the European and Italian DIGITAL SME Alliance, to Cristiana Pauletti – referent for the training of FIM CISL Veneto and to Domenico Galia, president of Confimi Industria Digitale.